Talmud Abbreviations

Blaine Robison, M.A.

Published 2 October 2012; Revised 24 February 2015

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Overview: The Babylonian Talmud contains 63 Tractates ("book") organized in six Sedarim ("order, division"). A Tractate contains both Mishnah (sayings of the Sages) and Gemara (commentary and debate on the Mishnah). The written Mishnah is believed to be the work of Rabbi Judah the Patriarch in about A.D. 220. The Mishnah generally reflects laws and traditions followed in the first century, although to what degree cannot be determined with certainty. The Gemara, published about 500 A.D., contains legal analysis, debate and commentary on the Mishnah.

A Tractate is organized by chapters and folios. The Mishnah is always quoted according to Tractate, Chapter and Paragraph (labeled Mishnah), similar to Bible references. Thus, Ber. 2:4 means the Tractate Berakoth, second Chapter, fourth Paragraph marked "Mishnah." Gemara discussions follow Mishnah paragraphs and are quoted by folio number and part "a" or "b," such as Ber. 10a.

General Abbreviations

b.

ben (son of)

TB

Babylonian Talmud

G.

Gemara

TJ

Jerusalem Talmud

M.

Mishnah

Tos.

Tosephta

R.

Rab or Rabbi

 

 

Gen. R. Genesis Rabbah Ex. R. Exodus Rabbah
Lev. R. Leviticus Rabbah Num. R. Numbers Rabbah
Deut. R. Deuteronomy Rabbah    

For online access to any of the Tractates listed below go to Halakah.com.

Tractate Abbreviations

 

Name

Subject

Ab.

Aboth ("Avot")

Fathers

A. Zar

Abodah Zarah

Idolatry

Arak.

Arakhin

Vows of Valuation

B.B

Baba Bathra

The Last Gate

Bek.

Bekoroth (Bechoroth)

Firstlings

Ber.

Berakoth

Benedictions

Betz

Betzah (or Yom Tob)

Festival Days

Bikk.

Bikkurim

First Fruits

B.K.

Baba Kama

The First Gate

B.M.

Baba Metzia

The Middle Gate

Dem.

Demai

Doubtful (produce not tithed)

Eduy.

Eduyoth

Testimonies

Erub.

Erubin

The Fusion of Sabbath Limits

Gitt.

Gittin

Bills of Divorce

Hag.

Hagigah

The Festal Offering

Hall.

Hallah

Dough Offering

Hor.

Horayoth

Instructions

Hull.

Hullin

Animals Killed for Food

Kel.

Kellim

Vessels

Ker.

Kerithoth

Extirpation

Ket./Keth.

Ketubot/Kethuboth

Marriage Deeds

Kidd.

Kiddushin

Betrothals

Kil.

Kilayim

Diverse Kinds

Kinn.

Kinnim

The Bird Offering

Maas.

Maaseroth

Tithes

Makk.

Makkoth

Stripes

Maksh.

Makshirin

Predisposers

Meg.

Megillah

The Scroll of Esther

Meil.

Meilah

Sacrilege

Men.

Menahoth

Meal Offerings

Midd.

Middoth

Measurements

Mikv.

Mikvaoth

Immersion-Pools

M. Kat.

Moed Katan

Mid-Festival Days

M. Sh.

Maaser Sheni

Second Tithe

Naz.

Nazir

The Nazarite Vow

Neg.

Negaim

Leprosy (skin disorders)

Ned.

Nedarim

Vows

Nidd.

Niddah

The Menstruant

Ohol.

Oholoth

Tents

Orl.

Orlah

The Fruit of Young Trees

Par.

Parah

The Red Heifer

Peah

Peah

Corner (gleanings of the field)

Pes.

Pesahim or Pesachim

Paschal Lambs (Passover)

R.H.

Rosh ha-Shanah

New Year

Sanh.

Sanhedrin

Court of Justice

Shab.

Shabbath

The Sabbath

Shebi

Shebiith

The Seventh Year

Shebu.

Shebuoth

Oaths

Shek.

Shekalim

Shekels (temple tax)

Sot.

Sotah

Suspected Adulteress

Sukk.

Sukkah

Feast of Tabernacles

Taan.

Taanith

Days of Fasting

Teb. Y.

Tebul Yom

He that immersed himself that day

Tam.

Tamid

The Daily Whole Offering

Tem.

Temurah

The Substituted Offering

Ter.

Terumoth

Heave Offerings

Toh.

Tohoroth

Cleannesses

Uktz.

Uktzin

Stalks

Yad.

Yadaim

Hands (washing)

Yeb.

Yebamoth

Sisters-in-Law

Yom.

Yoma

The Day of Atonement

Zab.

Zabim

They that suffer a flux

Zeb.

Zebahim

Animal Offerings

 

Copyright 2012-2015 Blaine Robison. All rights reserved.